Not personal forms of the verb? Many students before the explanation of the verbal periphrases begin showing us strange faces, in that the teachers we detect the problem quickly. The problem is the name that we use for certain verbs. Well, we are going to speak about not personal forms of the verb, which are those that as its name indicates they have neither person, nor number nor way.
Are the forms of : INFINITIVO, GERUNDIO and PARTICIPIO.
The INFINITIVO is the verb that finishes in -R: CANTAR, CORRER and VIVIR
The INFINITIVO has a simple form : CANTAR and the compound form: HABER CANTADO.
- The compound infinitive indicates us anteriority to a given moment. Example:
Por no haber hecho los deberes, me he tenido que quedar en la pausa con el professor
- Also the infinitive compound is used with a value of appellative of reproach from the speaker to the listener. Example:
- Me hubiese gustado que vinieras a mi fiesta
- ¡Pues haberme invitado!
- We use the infinitive in verbal periphrases like “IR+A+INFINITIVO”, that we use to express future:
Esta tarde voy a ir a la playa
The GERUNDIO presents the completion in-NDO: CANTANDO, CORRIENDO AND VIVIENDO.
The gerund also has two forms. The simple form: CANDANDO, and the compound form: HABIENDO CANTADO.
We use the gerund in periphrasis as “ESTAR+GERUNDIO “, that we use to express an action in development in the moment that we are speaking. Example
Mi hermano está estudiando matemáticas.
The PARTICIPIO presents the complain in -DO: CANTADO, CORRIDO y VIVIDO.
We use the participio as “TENER+ PARTICIPIO”, that is used to express that we have realized an action in its entirety.
Tiene compradas las entradas para el concierto de mañana